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ISSN: 2344 - 102X

ISSN-L: 2344 - 102X


Article from Volume 8, Number 3, Year 2020

Author(s): Gheorghe Morosan
DOI: 104316/EJAFB.2020.8318
Abstract: Social protection is necessary in the context of the existence of a larger or smaller part of the population that does not have an adequate standard of living. The study was conducted based on data collected from the National Institute of Statistics in 2015-2018 and existing legislation in this field. The economic and social life in Romania shows us that too often the governing parties neglect this aspect and use social protection more as an electoral weapon. Based on the study of legislation and statistical data, we will demonstrate that the social protection of disadvantaged groups is of less interest to the ruling parties and the policies pursued are not aimed at improving living conditions but using public money for this field as a tool to earn or maintain As proof is the data presented which shows an ever-changing, contradictory, always postponed and unenforced legislation. The data collected show that despite the fact that money has been spent, increasing during the analyzed period, the efficiency of their spending is minimal, no progress has been made, we are always the tail of EU countries on indicators relevant to our existence: poverty rate, health status, life expectancy. The present study is structured as follows: in the first section the importance of social protection was presented, in the second section the working methods were shown, in the next section the relevant legislation for this field was presented, further the fourth section provides the basis for data, and the results and conclusions of the study are presented in the last chapter.
Keywords: Social Protection, Social Insurance, Social Benefits, Social Services, Social Reference Indicator
1. European Commission (2019), State Of Health In The EU. Romania Country Profile From 2019 In Terms Of Health.
2. European Commission (2020), 2020 Country Report On Romania. European Semester 2020: Assessing Progress On Structural Reforms, Preventing And Correcting Macroeconomic Imbalances.
3. Ministry Of Labor And Social Justice, Report On Social Inclusion In Romania In 2015-2018 The Constitution Of Romania 4. ***Law No. 61/1993 State Allowance For Children
5. ***Law No. 416/2001 Regarding The Guaranteed Minimum Income
6. ***Law No. 76/2002 On The Unemployment Insurance System And Employment Stimulation
7. ***Law No. 272/2004 Placement Allowance
8. ***Law No. 95/2006 Republished In 2015 On Health Care Reform
9. ***Law No. 263/2010 On The Unitary Public Pension System
10. ***Law No. 277/2010 On The Family Support Allowance
11. ***Law On Social Assistance No. 292/2011
12. ***Law No. 196/2016 Regarding The Minimum Inclusion Income
13. ***Law No. 153/2017 On Staff Remuneration
14. ***Law No. 127/2019 On The Public Pension System
15. ***GEO 158/2005 On Leave And Social Health Insurance Benefits
16. ***GEO 6/2009 Regarding The Establishment Of The Guaranteed Minimum Social Pension 17. ***GEO 111/2010 Child Raising Allowance
18. ***GEO No. 70/2011 On Social Protection Measures During The Cold Season
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